Promoting Breastfeeding in Workplaces: Experiences with the Crèche at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Southern Nigeria

Main Article Content

G. K. Eke
A. R. Nte

Abstract

Background: The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) aims to promote, protect and support optimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices among all women, irrespective of their employment status. Consequently the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital (UPTH), a Baby Friendly Hospital, has provided free Crèche services since 1996 to enable working mothers breastfeed their babies while at work, as they resume after 4 months of maternity leave.

Aims: To appraise attendance and use of the Crèche by health workers for the promotion, protection and support of breastfeeding at the UPTH.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Paediatrics, UPTH, Nigeria.

Methodology: Personal data and data on Crèche attendance were extracted from the Registers of children cared for at the Crèche between November 2006 and October 2016, entered into Excel Spreadsheet and analysed with SPSS version 20. Simple statistics were used to analyse and present data.

Results: One thousand and sixty-two children utilised the Crèche during the 10 years review period with total of 10,490 attendances. The children consisted of 604(57%) males and 458(43%) females, aged 6 weeks to 48 months (mean-6.44±2.54 months). An average of 93.6 children were cared for each month, with attendance showing a declining trend and they spent 2 to 9.5(mean-4.68) hours daily. The children attended the Crèche for 1 to 22(mean-7.35) days each month, while 32% of them attended only 1-3 days a month. Mothers from all clinical and non-clinical departments utilised the Crèche with nurses constituting 37%.

Conclusion: Utilisation of the Crèche services was sub-optimal. Its provision alone is insufficient to promote and support optimal IYCF practices among working women. User education and support for optimal IYCF practices are required. Access to Crèche services in all shifts and on all days should be guaranteed. Improved record keeping is required.

Keywords:
Breastfeeding, workplace, Crèche, Southern Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Eke, G. K., & Nte, A. R. (2019). Promoting Breastfeeding in Workplaces: Experiences with the Crèche at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Southern Nigeria. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 11(3), 136-142. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejnfs/2019/v11i330156
Section
Original Research Article

References

United Nations Children’s Funds. Programming guide: Infant and Young Child Feeding. Nutrition Section, Programmes. UNICEF New York. 2011:2-15.

Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJ, França GV, Horton S, Krasevec J, et al. Breast feeding in the 21st century: Epidemiology, mechanisms and lifelong effect. Lancet. 2016;387:475–90.

National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ICF. Nigeria demographic and health survey 2018 Key Indicators Report. Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA: NPC and ICF; 2019.

World Health Organization & United Nations Children’s Funds. Innocenti declaration on the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding. WHO/Unicef policymakers’ meeting on Breastfeeding in the 1990s: A Global Initiative. Spedale degli Innocenti, Florence, Italy; 1990.

World Health Organization. Implementation guidance: Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding in facilities providing maternity and newborn services –the revised Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative. World Health Organization; 2018.

Federal Ministry of Health (Nigeria): Guidelines on infant and young child feeding in Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Health, Department of Family Health, Nutrition Division, Abuja; 2010.

Marinelli KA, Moren K, Taylor JS. The Academy of breastfeeding medicine. Breastfeeding support for mothers in workplace employment or educational settings: Summary statement. Breast feeding Medicine. 2013;8:137-42.

Federal Ministry of Health (Nigeria). National Child Health Policy. Federal Ministry of Health, Nigeria; 2006

Omotosho BJ. Working (nursing) mothers and Crèche facilities in Akure, South West Nigeria, 2007. A poster presentation at the 5th African Population Conference, Arusha, Tanzania; 2007

Legal Notice: Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette No 2, Abuja 15th May. Legal Notice on Publication of 2006 Census Final Results. 2009;96:B39-40.

Agbedeyi GO, Eke GK, Nte AR. Feeding patterns of children in day care centres in Port Harcourt Metropolis. Nig J Paed. 2015;210-13.

Asekun-Olarinmoye EO, Lawoyin TO, Asekun-Olarinmoye IO. Effect of rearing environment on the feeding pattern of under two years old Nigerian children. Early Child Development and Care. 2011; 181(10):1331-42.

Taddei JA, Cannon MJ, Warner L, Souza P, Vitalee S, Palma D, et al. Nutritional Gains of Underprivileged Children Attending a Day Care Centre in Sao Paulo City, Brazil: A nine month follow - up study. Rev. Bras. Epidemiol. 2000;3:29-37

International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 183; 2019.

Ogbo FA, Page A, Idoko J, Claudio F, Agho KE. Have policy responses in Nigeria resulted in improvements in infant and young child feeding practices in Nigeria? International Breastfeeding Journal. 2017; 12:9.
DOI: 10.1186/s13006-017-0101-5

United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition. Available:http://www.who.int/nutrition/decade-of-action/en/
(Accessed 6 June 2018)

Mills SP. Workplace lactation programs: A critical element for breastfeeding mothers’ success. AAOHN J. 2009;57(6): 227-31.

Bar-Yam NB. Workplace lactation support, part II: Working with the Workplace. J Hum Lact. 1998;14(4):321-25.

Abdulwadud OA, Snow ME. Interventions in the workplace to support breastfeeding for women in employment. Cochrane Systematic Review - Intervention Version; 2007.

Horwood C, Haskins L, Engebretsen IM, Phakathi S, Connolly C, Coutsoudis A, et al. Improved rates of exclusive breast feeding at 14 weeks of age in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: what are the challenges now? BMC Public Health. 2018;18:757

Doherty T, Sanders D, Jackson D, Swanevelder S, Lombard C, Zembe W, et al. Early cessation of breastfeeding amongst women in South Africa: an area needing urgent attention to improve child health. For the PROMISE EBF study group. BMC Pediatrics. 2012;12:105.

Bisi-Onyemaechi AI, Chikani UN, Ubesie AC, Chime PU, Mbanefo NR. Factors associated with low rate of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Enugu, Nigeria. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5:3776-81.