European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety 2020-06-05T10:46:23+00:00 European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>European Journal of Nutrition and Food Safety (ISSN: 2347-5641)</strong> publishes 1. Research papers; 2. Review papers; 3. Case studies; 4. Short communications as well as 5. (extended) abstracts of Grey literature government reports in all areas of nutrition and food safety. EJNFS considers the following areas out of scope: food science, food technology, food composition, food analysis, food palatability, animal nutrition. EJNFS is a quality controlled, double blind peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal in the area of human nutrition and food safety and toxicology.</p> Food Consumption Practices of Men and Women across Rural-Urban Interface of South Indian Megacity Bangalore 2020-06-05T10:46:23+00:00 K. Geetha Shilpa Yatnatti D. Vijayalakshmi Christoph Dittrich <p><strong>Background: </strong>Food consumption practices involving dietary diversity, healthy and unhealthy practices have greater influence on nutritional and health status of the individual. Men and women always behave differently and have different consumption pattern due to various factors. Urbanization gradients along rural-urban interface of Bangalore mega city helps for comparative study of these factors.</p> <p><strong>Aims:</strong> To compare food consumption practices between men and women across rural-urban interface of Bangalore, India.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Men (n=150) and women (n=150) from 300 middle income households in the rural-urban interface of Bangalore, were surveyed for dietary diversity score (DDS), healthy and unhealthy dietary practices and response to questions on health and nutrition.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Findings revealed that, least DDS was recorded in transition area among both men (48.0%) and women (47.7%). In rural maximum difference for healthy habit score was existed between men (50.8%) and women (44.0%). Average unhealthy habits score was more among women in rural (33.2%) and transition (35.4%) areas, whereas in urban, men had higher score (41.8%). Health and nutrition aspects indicated, fasting on religious belief was more practiced by women in transition area (56%). Consumption of health supplements was more among women, especially in urban (34%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> It can be concluded that, women have poor food consumption practices compared to men. Even though women are observed to be more health conscious than men, their dietary habits are compounded with various factors such as socio-cultural, occupational and urbanization. In this regard nutrition programmes must be strengthened to decrease risk factors for non-communicable diseases and to improve overall health of the individuals.</p> 2020-05-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Socio-cultural Factors Associated with Complementary Feeding in Two Rural Districts in Ghana: A qualitative study involving Health Workers 2020-06-03T09:23:02+00:00 Christiana Naa Atsreh Nsiah-Asamoah <p><strong>Aim: </strong>This study sought to explore the cultural factors that are associated with complementary feeding from the reports of Community Health Workers (CHWs) and Volunteers (CHVs) in two rural districts in Ghana.</p> <p><strong>Study Design</strong>: This was a cross-sectional qualitative study that assessed cultural beliefs, norms, superstitions and practices that influence complementary feeding practices of young children under two years in two rural farming districts in Ghana</p> <p><strong>Study Area: </strong>The study was conducted at Kwahu Afram Plains North and South Districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong><strong>: </strong>The study employed qualitative methods which entailed conducting 9 focus group discussions among CHWs and CHVs working at two rural districts in Ghana. The focus group discussions were conducted with the aid of a validated, interview guide, after obtaining informed consent (written) from the health workers. Ethical clearance for the study was obtained from the Institutional Review Boards of the Dodowa Health Research Centre and the University of Cape Coast. Thematic content analytical procedures were applied to analyze the transcripts, interpret and present findings as a narrative account.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>: </strong>The reports of the health workers indicate a common practice of early introduction of solid foods to infants before they attain six(6) months of age. Cultural beliefs, superstitions, beliefs, food taboos and prohibitions influence mothers’ complementary-feeding practices and result in limiting the food scope and dietary diversity of their young children.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: Interventions designed to promote appropriate complementary feeding practices should incorporate an understanding of social context, family, and cultural factors in developing nutrition promotion messages that are tailored to meet the needs of rural populations. More community interventions that draw on the support of key influential persons in the community and fathers are needed to address cultural barriers to appropriate complementary feeding practices.</p> 2020-06-03T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Assessment of Overweight, Obesity and the Dietary Habits of Undergraduate Students of Lagos State University 2020-06-04T13:25:31+00:00 N. Arisa D. Anaemene W. Mekwunye <p><strong>Aims:</strong> To determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and dietary habits of under graduate students of Lagos State University.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> Lagos State University, Lagos, Nigeria, between June 2016 and July 2016.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>150 undergraduate students were selected through multistage random sampling. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habit and physical activity was obtained using structured questionnaire. Weight, height, Percentage Body Fat (PBF), waist and hip circumferences were measured according to standard procedures to compute Body Mass Indices (BMI), Waist Hip Ratio (WHR) and finally determine nutritional status. The data were presented as frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviations. Chi square was used to test for significant differences and level of significance set at 0.05.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The mean BMI, PBF and WHR of the participants were 23.4 ± 2.3 kg/m<sup>2</sup>, 23.1 ± 5.0% and 0.83 ± 0.09, respectively. Majority of the participants (86.7%) were of normal weight while 8% (10.4% males and 5.5% females) and 5.3% (5.2% males and 5.5% females) were overweight and obese, respectively. Using WHR, more number of students were overweight/obese (34%) compared to BMI (13.3%) and PBF (8.7%), all indicated higher abnormal status among males than females. Few students exhibited poor eating (15%) and physical inactivity (16%) habits. Majority of the students (75.3%) skipped breakfast and the least daily consumed food group was legume/nut group (0.5%). Snacks (42%) and processed (20%) foods were consumed more than roots/tubers (14%) which are staple foods.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Central obesity was high among undergraduate students of Lagos State University. Breakfast skipping and low legume meal consumption were major dietary problems. Healthy lifestyle should be promoted among the university students to prevent overweight/obesity and its associated diseases.</p> 2020-06-04T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##