European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>European Journal of Nutrition and Food Safety (ISSN: 2347-5641)</strong> publishes 1. Research papers; 2. Review papers; 3. Case studies; 4. Short communications as well as 5. (extended) abstracts of Grey literature government reports in all areas of nutrition and food safety. EJNFS considers the following areas out of scope: food science, food technology, food composition, food analysis, food palatability, animal nutrition. EJNFS is a quality controlled, double blind peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal in the area of human nutrition and food safety and toxicology.</p> en-US (European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety) (European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety) Mon, 04 Nov 2019 12:25:33 +0000 OJS 60 Maternal Anthropometry and Dietary Diversity Associated with Birth Weight in Maternity Hospitals in Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire) <p><strong>Aims: </strong>Birth weight is a powerful predictor of infant growth and survival and depends on the fetal growth environment, which is influenced by maternal nutritional status. However, the association between maternal anthropometric and nutritional factors and birth weight is not well characterized in Côte d'Ivoire. The objective of this study was to determine the maternal anthropometric and nutritional characteristics associated with birth weight.</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>This was a retrospective study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>This study was done in maternity hospitals of three municipalities in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, from 1<sup>st</sup> October to 30 November 2018.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>It consisted in collecting birth data from 146 newborns born from a monofetal pregnancy, whose mothers aged 20 to 42 had participated in a previous survey. Also, the relationship between birth weight, maternal anthropometry and maternal nutrition factors has been studied. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate data analysis was done using SPSS version 25 software.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The results indicate mean birth weight of 3118.48±515.39 g and 7.6% and 5.5% respectively of low and excessive birth weight. In a multivariate linear regression, the mean birth weight of newborns of women with medium and high dietary diversity score was higher than those newborn of women with low dietary diversity score (AOR=0.386, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.072-0.699; p=0.017 and AOR=0.233, 95% CI: 0.016-0.450; p=0.036). Similarly, women with gestational weight gain greater than 7 kg and high stature (&gt;1.55 cm) gave birth to heavier children (AOR=0.551, 95% CI: 0.346-0.756; p=0.000 and AOR=0.633, 95% CI: 0.207-1.059; p=0.004, respectively).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Although it revealed the presence of low and excess birth weight, this study has shown that maternal anthropometry and dietary diversity score were associated with birth weight of the baby.</p> Stéphane Claver Vanié, Grodji Albarin Gbogouri, Angèle Edjème-Aké, Allico Joseph Djaman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 04 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Protein and Mineral Contents in Some Fish Species Available in the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh <p>An experiment was conducted in the laboratory of the Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh to determine protein and major mineral nutrients (viz. Ca, Mg, Na, K, P, S and Fe) in different available fish species of the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh. Total 32 fish samples of 15 fish species were collected from three locations of the river during November 2017. The highest amount of Ca (2.00%), Mg (4.17%), Na (0.41%), K (3.24%), P (0.17%), S (0.129%) and Fe (226.9 mg kg<sup>−1</sup>) were obtained from <em>chela </em>(<em>Salmophasia bacaila</em>),<em> chanda </em>(<em>Chanda nama</em>),<em> chingri </em>(<em>Macrobrachium</em> <em>sp.</em>),<em> shingi </em>(<em>Heteropneustes fossilis</em>),<em> bele </em>(<em>Glossogobius giuris</em>),<em> baim</em> (<em>Macrognathus aculeatus</em>) and <em>mola </em>(<em>Amblypharyngodon mola</em>), respectively and the sequence of the mineral nutrients was K &gt; Mg &gt; Ca &gt; Na &gt; P &gt; S &gt; Fe. The study results revealed that 100% of daily Ca requirement can be replenished by consuming 100 g fish flesh portion of the <em>chela</em> (<em>Salmophasia bacaila</em>)/<em> chingri</em> (<em>Macrobrachium</em> <em>sp.</em>)/ <em>bele</em> (<em>Glossogobius giuris</em>). Similarly, among the 15 fish species, 11 and 12 species alone can contribute 100% of Mg and K requirement for human by taking 100 g fish flesh, respectively. The maximum content of N (3.88%) was obtained from <em>shingi</em> (<em>Heteropneustes fossilis</em>), while the minimum (2.81%) was recorded from <em>mola</em> (<em>Amblypharyngodon mola</em>). The protein content among the fish samples varied between 17.6-24.3% with a mean value of 21.2%. Finally, the study results concluded that the common fishes available in the Brahmaputra River are a good source of protein and major mineral nutrients, which contributes in nutrition to the local people of the country.</p> M. S. A. Eti, H. M. Zakir, Q. F. Quadir, M. S. Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 05 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Qualitative Risk Assessment of Campylobacter jejuni in Street Vended Poultry in Informal Settlements of Nairobi County <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To determine the food safety risks of consumption of street-vended poultry products, to evaluate the determinants of microbial safety and the risk rank of these products.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> A cross-sectional survey was done in the Korogocho and Kariobangi North slums among the consumers and vendors to assess their food safety knowledge and practices. Swab samples of the cooking equipment, utensils, and personnel, raw and cooked portions of poultry were collected for microbial quality evaluation. The most prevalent microorganism was assessed for its qualitative risk rank using the Risk Ranger software.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was carried out in the capital city of Kenya, Nairobi, from June 2018 to July 2018.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A total of 15 vendors were exhaustively sampled and included in the study with the food safety and hygiene practices evaluated using a food safety checklist. The snowballing sampling technique was used to locate all the vendors. Samples of raw and cooked street vended poultry products were subjected to microbial analysis. All samples were collected in sterile polythene bags followed by transportation to the laboratory of the Department of Food Science and Technology of the University of Nairobi and microbial analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> <em>Campylobacter jejuni</em> contamination, in both raw and cooked poultry products, was 8.95±0.94 log<sub>10</sub> CFU g-1 and 4.66±2.67 log<sub>10</sub> CFU g-1 respectively; the probability of contamination of raw street-vended poultry was found to be 48.96%. The mean weekly intake of the poultry was reported 140.0 g per person. The probability of <em>campylobacter</em> infection in an individual consumer was found as 7.12x10-3 with the predicted illnesses among the population found as 1.11x106 cases. The qualitative risk estimate from the study was reported as 67, above the limit of 48 for medium risk.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study concluded that <em>Campylobacter jejuni</em> posed high food safety risks as a resultant from the consumption of street-vended poultry.</p> Beatrice J. Birgen, Lucy G. Njue, Dasel M. Kaindi, Fredrick O. Ogutu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 16 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000