Variability in Health Impact: Examining Lifestyle and Dietary Habits Across Different Stages of Adolescence: A Comprehensive Literature Review

Samiksha Joshi

J J Hospital, J J Marg, Nagpada-Mumbai Central, Off Jijabhoy Road, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Shivani Mardik

J J Hospital, J J Marg, Nagpada-Mumbai Central, Off Jijabhoy Road, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Priyanka Verma

Apex Regional STD Centre, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Harini Rajagopalan

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi, India.

Mohammad Haris Siddiqui

Department of Pain and Palliative Care, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abhishek Lachyan *

Apex Regional STD Centre, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Introduction: Adolescence is a critical developmental phase marked by significant physical, cognitive, and identity transformations. This paper provides an extensive overview of adolescent lifestyle and dietary habits, aiming to explore their profound impact on health.

Methods: A comprehensive literature review gathered data from academic journals, government health reports, and relevant sources. Data were systematically selected and synthesized, categorizing information into key themes like nutrition, physical activity, and peer/media influence. Ethical guidelines were rigorously followed to ensure the research's integrity.

Results: Adolescents often make suboptimal choices in lifestyle and diet, elevating the risk of chronic diseases. Urgent interventions and educational programs are needed to promote healthier adolescent choices.

Discussion: Poor dietary choices and declining physical activity among adolescents demand comprehensive nutrition education programs and collaborative efforts involving schools, parents, and healthcare providers. Educational programs emphasizing critical thinking and emotional intelligence can empower adolescents to make informed lifestyle and dietary decisions.

Conclusion: Adolescence shapes lifelong habits, and understanding the challenges they face is crucial for their well-being. Effective interventions and educational programs can guide them toward healthier choices, mitigating the adverse effects of suboptimal habits on their immediate and long-term health.

Keywords: Adolescence, lifestyle habits, dietary habits, health and well-being, nutritionq, physical activity, sleep patterns, peer influence, media influence, chronic diseases, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, comprehensive interventions, educational programs, critical thinking, emotional intelligence

How to Cite

Joshi , S., Mardik , S., Verma , P., Rajagopalan , H., Siddiqui , M. H., & Lachyan , A. (2023). Variability in Health Impact: Examining Lifestyle and Dietary Habits Across Different Stages of Adolescence: A Comprehensive Literature Review. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 15(11), 41–47.


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