Effect of Soybean, Sorghum and African Breadfruit Flours on the Proximate Composition and Sensory Properties of Chin-Chin

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Ruth Ginika Ugwuanyi
John Ikechukwu Eze
Ebele Christiana Okoye


This work investigated the proximate and sensory properties of chin-chin from the flour blends of wheat, African breadfruit, soybean, and sorghum. Chin-chin was produced from the blends of wheat: African breadfruit (BWF), wheat: soybean (SWF) and wheat: sorghum (SGW) in the ratios of 80:20, 70:30 and 60:40 for each blend and coded as BWF1, BWF2, BWF3 and SWF1, SWF2, SWF3 and SGW1, SGW2, SGW3 respectively. The control was 100% wheat flour (100:0) coded as WF. The proximate composition and sensory properties were determined. The results obtained show that partial substitution of wheat flour with breadfruit, soybean and sorghum flours caused a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the proximate composition of the samples. The crude protein content of samples BWF, SWF and SGW ranged from 15.73 to 19.34%, 19.2 to 24.62% and 9.11 to 10.73% respectively. The ash content of the samples ranged from 0.68 to 1.27%, 0.95 to 2.16% and 1.06 to 1.26% respectively and the crude fiber content ranged from 0.42 to 0.91%, 0.25 to 0.91% and 0.43 to 3.73% respectively. While the control sample (WF) had 13.08% of protein, 1.96% of ash and 0.80% of crude fiber. In terms of the overall acceptability, the control sample (WF) had the highest score (8.10) when compared with fortified samples followed by BWF3 (7.00). Although the control sample (WF) had the least nutrient contents compared to the fortified samples, yet, it was the most preferred by the panelists.

African breadfruit, chin-chin, sensory properties, sorghum, soybean, wheat

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How to Cite
Ugwuanyi, R. G., Eze, J. I., & Okoye, E. C. (2020). Effect of Soybean, Sorghum and African Breadfruit Flours on the Proximate Composition and Sensory Properties of Chin-Chin. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 12(1), 85-98. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejnfs/2020/v12i130187
Original Research Article


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