Impact of Partial Replacement of Peanut Paste with Sesame Seed Paste on the Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Components of Butter Made from the Blends

Main Article Content

Onyale V. Oduma
Ufot E. Inyang
Okema N. Okongoh

Abstract

The present study was conducted to see the effect of replacement of peanut paste with different levels of sesame seed paste on the nutritional and anti-nutritional components of butter made from the blends. The peanut: Sesame seed pastes were used in the ratios of 100:00, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50 and 00:100 with 100% peanut and sesame seed pastes as control samples. The results showed that all the parameters determined varied with the proportion of sesame seed paste in the blends. The crude protein, ash, crude fibre and carbohydrate progressively decreased with increase in the level of sesame seed paste substitution. On the contrary, fat and caloric value increased progressively with increase in sesame seed paste in the blends. The total amino acids decreased from 88.24 g/100 g protein while the total essential amino acids increased from 35.30 g/100 g protein in 100% peanut butter to 87.36 g/100 g protein and 37.71 g/100 g protein respectively in 50% sesame seed paste substituted butter. Methionine and cystine increased while lysine decreased with increase in sesame paste substitution. Majority of essential amino acid chemical scores were above 100% except lysine (63.45 – 98 – 28% for samples that contained sesame seed paste) and sulphur containing amino acids (78.00% and 92.40% for 100% peanut butter and 10% sesame paste supplemented butter respectively). The contents of K, Na, saponin and tannin in the butter decreased while Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, oxalate and phytate increased with increase in sesame seed paste substitution. The values for anti-nutrients were low and may not have serious effect on nutrients bioavailability. The result has shown that production of butter from blends of peanut and sesame seed paste would enhance the essential amino acids composition and other nutrients and could lead to increased utilization of sesame seed.

Keywords:
Peanut paste, sesame seed paste, butter, nutrient composition, anti-nutritional factors

Article Details

How to Cite
Oduma, O. V., Inyang, U. E., & Okongoh, O. N. (2020). Impact of Partial Replacement of Peanut Paste with Sesame Seed Paste on the Nutritional and Anti-nutritional Components of Butter Made from the Blends. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 12(6), 53-66. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejnfs/2020/v12i630238
Section
Original Research Article

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