Nutritional Evaluation of Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia quineesis Fishes from River Doma in Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Matthew Olaleke Aremu *

Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, PMB 146, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

Hashim Ibrahim

Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, PMB 146, Nasarawa State, Nigeria and Department of Chemistry, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Al–Qasim Suleiman Gwadabe

Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, PMB 146, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

Saratu Stephen Audu

Department of Chemistry, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, P.M.B 1022, Nigeria.

Mohammed Alhaji Mohammed

Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, PMB 146, Nasarawa State, Nigeria and Department of Chemistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Mary Omolola Omosebi

Department of Food Science and Technology, Mountain Top University, Magoki, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Esther Damilola Aremu

Department of Food Science and Technology, Mountain Top University, Magoki, Ogun State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: This work evaluates the nutritional quality of Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia guineensis fishes from River Doma in Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

Study Design: African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and tilapia (Tilapia guineensis) contribute enormously to the developing nation's nutritional, growth, and development needs, especially in terms of high protein retention in the human body.  

Methodology: Oven-dried Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia guineensis were analyzed using standard analytical techniques for proximate, mineral and amino acids compositions.

Results: The respective proximate values (g/100 g sample dry weight) of Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia guineensis were high in crude protein (48.33 and 67.82) and crude fat (26.11 and 14.83) but low in crude fibre (3.22 and 3.91) and moisture (0.23 and 0.33). The calculated fatty acids and metabolizable energy for the two fish samples were (20.89 and 11.86 %) and (2004.98 and 1799.48 KJ/100 g), respectively. The most abundant minerals in the samples were potassium (321.72 and 364.23 mg/100 g) and phosphorus (210.54 and 213.74 mg/100 g), whereas manganese, iron, and copper were of low concentration (< 0.5 mg/100 g). Leucine, phenylalanine, and lysine were the most abundant essential amino acids in both samples. At the same time, glutamic and aspartic acids together with arginine account for more than 35 % of total amino acids in each of the investigated samples. Total essential amino acids (TEAA) with histidine and total sulphur amino acids (TSAA) were (33.10 and 2.54 g/100 g cp) for Clarias gariepinus and (36.18 and 2.92 g/100 g cp) for Tilapia quineensis, respectively. Meanwhile, valine and lysine were the first and second limiting amino acids in this study's samples, respectively.

Conclusion: The fish samples were found to be good sources of quality proteins and both have the functional and essential amino acids.

Keywords: Minerals, proximate, amino acids, Clarias gariepinus, Tilapia quineensis


How to Cite

Aremu, M. O., Ibrahim, H., Gwadabe, A. S., Audu, S. S., Mohammed, M. A., Omosebi, M. O., & Aremu, E. D. (2021). Nutritional Evaluation of Clarias gariepinus and Tilapia quineesis Fishes from River Doma in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety, 13(11), 33–42. https://doi.org/10.9734/ejnfs/2021/v13i1130464

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